The Saint Ana Lake
Lake Saint Ana is the only wholy remaining volcanic crater lake of
south-east Europe. It formed in one
of the twin-craters of the Nagy Csomad, member of the
Csomad mountain group. Its altitude is 950 m above
The lake shaped almost
as a perfect circle has a surface of 22 hectares, a circumference of 1737 m,
and an average depth of 4 metres. It does not have a spring,
its water is supplied by the melting of the snows of the surrounding mountains.
The lake is separated from the peat moor only by a narrow saddle.
Its flora and
fauna is quite poor because of its low concentration of salts. On the northern,
north-western shores the lake started to fill up, its bottom is covered by a
thick layer of mud.
Near the lake you
can find the Saint Ana chapel where a patronal
festival is held every year on the day of Saint Ana when Catholic believers
come on a pilgrimage to the chapel.